真知即所以为行,不行不足谓之知。

【定语从句】以介词结尾的定语从句

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以介词结尾的定于从句

This is the place which I live in.

This is the place in which I live.

介词在定语从句句尾太孤单,挪到which前。(更正式)

 
 

介词后面不能用that

介词后可以用which/whose/home,口语中也用who(不是很正式,因为介词后面要用宾格

You are the guy we are trying to get away from.(完全正确,只是非常口语化

You are the guy from whom we are trying to get away.很正式书面化,严谨

from挪到前面去以后,连接词就不能省略了,要补出来

 
 

I’m living in a huge house in which I can even play golf!

The driver was the man from whose room she had stolen the maps.

 
 

地点名词+where

This is the place where I live.

This is the place which I lived in.

This is the place in which I live.

where=介词+which

 
 

I’m living in a huge house in which I can even play golf!

I’m living in a huge house where I can even play golf!(就不能再用介词了)

 
 

I grew up in the amall village where/in which I was born.

 
 

表示抽象地点的词(point,case,position,condition,situation),常用where引导

You have reached a point
where medicine can’t help.

=We have reached a point at which medicine can’t help.

 
 

It’s put me in a position where I can’t afford to take the job.

=It’s put me in a position in which I cannot afford to take the job.

 
 

We can read of things that happened 5000 years ago in the Near East,where people first learned to write.

But there are some parts of the world where
even now people cannot write.

从语法上讲,world后面跟where或者which都是可行的。

判断方法:用定于从句去连接前面的名词。能连上,用which;连不上,用where

Even now people cannot write the world.(连不上,缺介词

 
 

造句:

1.Johns stayed at a hotel.You ask him.

Did you like the hotel where you stayed?

2.Sue had dinner in a restaurant.You ask her.

What’s the name of the restaurant where/in which you had dinner?

3.Sarah lives in a village.You ask her.

Do you like the village where/in which you live?

4.Richard works in factory.You ask him:

How big is the factory where/in which you work?

 
 

练习:

 
 

1、What’s the name of the man who borrowed your car?

2A cemetery is a place where/in which people are buried.

3、An orphan is a child whose parents are dead.

4、The place in which/where we spent our holidays was really beautiful.

5、The shool is only for children whose first language is English.

6、What was the name of the person to whom you spoke on the phone?

7The woman with whom he fell in love left him after a month.


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未经允许不得转载:Living in the flow » 【定语从句】以介词结尾的定语从句

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