真知即所以为行,不行不足谓之知。

【状语从句】条件状语从句

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常见连接词:if/in case/unless/as long as/so long as/suppose

 
 

连接词:

if

if的存在导致条件状语从句变得非常困难

You can stay to dinner if you like.

I wouldn’t have believed it if I hadn’t seen it happen.(虚拟语气)

 
 

if 难点:

1、主将从现:当主句是将来时,从句要用一般现在时。

If you work with me,I will take us to the top.

2、对现在的虚拟(If部分和现在事实相反)

If +were(did)

主语+would/could/might/should+do

 
 

You‘d have more chance of catch the train if you took a bus to the station instead of working.

If I were you,I would not accept his apology.

If I had enough money,I might stop working and just go travelling.

3、对过去的虚拟(If部分和过去事实不一样)

If+had done,

主语+would/could/might/should+have done

 
 

If I had known you last year,I would have asked you to be my business partner.

If she hadn’t eaten too much candy,she might not have had her teeth pulled out.

 
 

连接词:

in case:万一

Carry a gun in case there’s an ambush.|带上枪以防万一有埋伏。

 
 

连接词:

unless:除非

Unless you are trying to lose weight to please yourself,it’s going to be tough to keep your motivation level high.

除非你是为了你自己减肥,要不然让你充满动力很难。

 
 

连接词:

as long as/so long as:只要

I don’t care what is written in your history as long as/so long as you are here with me.

我不介意你过去经历些什么,只要你现在和我一起。

 
 

连接词:

suppose(that):假设(虚拟语气)

Suppose you had a million pounds,how would you spend it?

 
 

练习:

If you go to the party,you‘ll have a great time.

You may use the room as you like so long as you clean it up afterwards.

 
 

—What should we pay more attention to if we go north in winter,Mum?

—Nothing much.Take warm clothes in case the weather is cold.

 
 

It is a pity she isn’t here.If she were here,I would be happier.

If he had come with me yesterday,he would have gone to the beach.

 
 

条件状语从句:连接词

if

in case

unless

as long as/so long as

suppose


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未经允许不得转载:Living in the flow » 【状语从句】条件状语从句

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