真知即所以为行,不行不足谓之知。

宾语从句

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情况1:

I know (that) he is a good person.

I know when we should go.

I know whether I should tell him the truth.

I know if I should tell him the truth.

That 可省略

主语从句的that 不可以省略,但宾语从句可以

特殊疑问词/whether/if+陈述句语序(主语+谓语动词)

I know that you believe you understand what you think I said,but I’m not sure you realize that what you heard is

not what I meant.

 
 

情况2:介词+疑问词引导的宾语从句

介词后面跟的东西也叫做宾语,当介词后面跟从句的时候也叫宾语从句。

这个时候只有疑问词可以引导宾语从句,that不行。

I find the best way to concentrate is to make notes on what the readers are saying.

I will give this dictionary to whoever wants to have it.

 
 

难点1:whetherif

1)whether…or not 结构不能用if替换

2)介词宾语只能用whether

Everything depends on whether you agree with us. 一切取决于你是否同意我们。

 
 

难点2:时态

1)主句是一般现在时,从句改用什么时态就用什么时态。

2)主句是一般过去时,宾语从句时态降级。

现在-过去,过去-过去完成,将来-过去将来(will-would)

但从句描述客观事实,就用一般现在时。

The teacher told the children that the sun is round. 老师告诉学生太阳是圆的。(客观事实,不变)

I believe that out team will win the basketball match. (主句一般现在时,不变)

In the bookshop,a reader asked the shopkeeper if Who Moved My Cheese was an interesting book.

Catherine said that she had never been to Guangzhou.

Do you know what Tom will do during the coming holiday?(主语从句语序)


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未经允许不得转载:Living in the flow » 宾语从句

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