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高棉语

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文:黄伟

“高棉语”辅音

高棉语基本辅音共有33个。如下表,为方便读出词汇,用英文(中文)字母表达其发音。

 

辅音

代表音(非正式)

辅音

代表音(非正式)

k

as in “kama”

t

as in “

kh

as in “Khmer”

th

as in “

k

as in “kama”

n

as in “need”

kh

as in “Khmer”

b

as in “boy”

ng

as in “being

ph

as in “

j

as in “joy”

p

as in “

ch

as in “cheat”

ph

as in “

j

as in “joy”

m

as in “mall”

ch

as in “cheat”

y

as in “you”

gn

r

as in “red”

d

as in “dog”

l

as in “love”

th

as in “

v

as in “vibe”

d

as in “dog”

s

as in “sit”

th

as in “

h

as in “hello”

n

as in “need”

l

as in “love”

t

as in “

” “

as in “

th

as in “

     

 

 


根据上表,辅音读音基本可以归纳如下表:

代表音(非正式)

k

as in “kama”

kh

as in “Khmer”

ng

as in “being

j

as in “joy”

ch

as in “cheat”

gn

d

as in “dog”

th

as in “

n

as in “need”

t

as in “

b

as in “boy”

ph

as in “

p

as in “

m

as in “mall”

y

as in “you”

r

as in “red”

l

as in “love”

v

as in “vibe”

s

as in “sit”

h

as in “hello”

 

另外,个辅音站在一起便成为叠加读音:

Ex:     kh+m =khm as in “Khmer”。

    
 

 

 

“高棉语”元音

高棉语基本(独立)元音共有17个。如下表,为方便读出词汇,用英文字母表达其发音。

 

元音

代表音(非正式)

元音

代表音(非正式)

” “

or

as in “or

uu

As in “

a

as in “car”

our

as in “tour

e

as in “set”

er

as in “banker

ey

as in “

oeu

as in “

i

As in “sit”

ea

as in “ear”

e

as in “set”

ay

as in “play

eu

as in “

ae

o

as in “shot”

ai

as in “

u

As in “tuk tuk”

ao

as in “

ou

as in “

av

 

Ex:     s+or=sor(白色)

    ch+u+b=chub(停)

    b+ai+t+or+ng=baitorng(绿色)

    jum reap sour(你好!)

    sour sdey(你好!)

 

 

试读

  1. 下面的英文标号代表的哪一些辅音(读)

    k

    kh

    t

    th

    d

    p

    ng

    n

    ph

    y

    r

    s

    sd

    st

    thn

    br

    pr

    str

    tr

    gn

    ch

        

  2. 下面的英文标号代表的哪一些元音(读)

    o

    ou

    a

    e

    ey

    ao

    au

    ay

    ai

    ea

    er

    uu

       

        

  3. 朗读下面的组合
    1. tov(去)        b. mork(来)    c. jam(等)    

    d. gnam(吃)        e. bai(米饭)    f. tek(水)

    g. knong(里面)    h. krav(外面)    i. sdam(右)


    j. chveng
    (左)        k. trong(直)    l. chub(停)


    m. prek(早上)     n. thngay(白天)    o. lngeaj(下午)

     

    1. GETTING TO KNOW PEOPLE

    Today you will learn how to do the following:

    A. greet people

    B. say who you are and

    C. ask someone to confirm his or her name and / or identity

    Part 1

    Here are the key phrases you’ll hear in today’s conversation.

    你 = neak

    你好 = soursdey

    陈先生 = lork CHEN

    你是陈先生吗? = ter lork jea lork CHEN reu?

    我叫王陈。 = khgnom chmours WANG CHEN.

    欢迎来到柬埔寨! = sva kum mork kan KAMPUJEA

    谢谢! = orkun!

    再见! = jumreap lea!


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未经允许不得转载:Living in the flow » 高棉语

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